Welcome to Pipeline 101!

Pipelines make almost every daily activity possible by delivering products like gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, home heating oil and natural gas.

Why do we need pipelines?

Few people are aware of the critical role that 2.8 million of miles of pipelines in the U.S. play to help deliver energy safely and reliably to American homes and businesses. We can get where we need to go by car, bus, or plane because of pipelines. The shelves of our local stores are lined with food and products that are grown or made thanks to raw materials delivered by pipeline. Pipelines also transport carbon dioxide for carbon capture and storage and low-carbon hydrogen, helping advance energy innovations critical to economy-wide emissions reductions.



And our nation is more secure because pipelines supply stable, domestically produced energy that is essential in everyday life and for the industries that drive our economy.


From the early days of wooden trenches and wooden barrels, the pipeline industry has grown and employed the latest technology in pipeline operations and maintenance. Today, the industry uses sophisticated controls and computer systems, advanced pipe materials, and corrosion prevention techniques.

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Why Pipeline 101?

“Pipeline 101” seeks to be your introductory resource for energy pipeline information. We invite you to learn about the history of pipelines, how pipelines work, where pipelines are located, why we need pipelines, and more. The information in Pipeline 101 has been compiled from industry, government and research experts, and published materials.